Today, medication is often the cornerstone of health care treatment for many conditions, and in some instances, it seems miraculous that we can effectively treat or cure diseases once thought of as terminal.

Nutrition is one area of healthy living that creates wonderful possibilities. Our understanding of food has grown substantially, and dietary recommendations have evolved from the grain-based food pyramid to a healthy plate emphasizing fruits and vegetables.

One important step we can all take to maintain our health and well-being is preventing falls. This is highlighted by the fact that up to 30% of seniors who fall suffer moderate to severe injuries, including lacerations, hip fractures, and head trauma. These injuries can make it difficult to live independently and can also increase your risk of early death.

Vaccines have certainly been in the news, with hot topics being childhood measles vaccination and the relative ineffectiveness of the flu shot this year. While these headlines are being made, there is some important news that all seniors should be aware of and take action on.

If you’re like many seniors, you may have more than one condition such as arthritis, high blood pressure, or diabetes. To stay in good health, you may see a number of doctors, take several medications prescribed by each of those doctors, and sometimes require other services such as physical therapy or home health.

One of the greatest advances in medicine over the past thirty years has been in the care of progressive and terminal illness. These improvements have occurred largely because health care providers have come to learn the importance of listening and honoring patients’ needs and preferences.

In last month’s column, I wrote about the benefits of exercise specifically with regard to better brain health and the prevention of cognitive impairment. Since that time, some very encouraging news has come out about the incidence of not only dementia but also heart attack and stroke. 

Many of us have known or cared for loved ones suffering from memory loss and its associated, sometimes devastating, loss of function and independence. Because of this, we are all highly motivated to find a way to prevent and treat memory impairment, and enormous effort and study has been directed toward finding a cure.

It’s that time of year again—time to roll up our sleeves and beat the flu. As you know, influenza is a serious viral infection that can cause fever, cough, and pneumonia. The vaccine is a wonderful opportunity to protect yourself with minimal risk. 

Maintaining our independence and making personal health care decisions are among our most cherished freedoms. For the majority of our lives we take this ability for granted, but what if we suffer injury or illness and cannot represent ourselves? How can we ensure that our wishes will be followed? 

Maintaining our independence is the number one priority for all age groups and a primary way we achieve this is through owning and driving a car. While motor vehicles are a wonderful boon to us all and part of the American dream, they also come with risk and responsibility. 

As the weather warms up, our thoughts turn to travel. As you plan your trip, especially one that requires a plane ride, you may wonder if you can tolerate the logistics of air travel—leaving home, getting to the airport, arriving at the gate,  having an uneventful flight, and safely making it to your destination.